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Guideline for authors


All manuscripts should be submitted either through electronic which can be accessed through journal website ………… or through email address of the editorial board.

HAJHBS accepts the following article types. Please note that papers lacking originality, novelty and exclusivity will not be accepted for publication.

Types of articles accepted

The following categories of the article will be considered for publication: original article, review article, perspectives, editorial, brief communication, correspondence, and letter to the editor. Please, ensure that you select the appropriate article type from the list of options when making your submission. Authors contributing to special issues should ensure that they select the special issue article type from this list.

 Original articles

Original articles are scientific reports of the results of original research. The text should be prepared with an abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments, Declaration, list of references and figure legends.

Review articles

Review articles are a scientific report which based on the results of primary studies. The review article includes narrative review, systematic review, and systematic review and meta-analysis. HAJHBS is not limit the word number of any article, but the authors advised to be precise and limit the word number significantly. If the submitted manuscript is too large, the reviewers or editors could request the author to reduce.

Other submissions

Letters to editor should be submitted in response to an article published either in HAJHBS or in other journal in the previous six months. The text is limited to 1000 words, with one table or figure (total) and up to 5 references. Perspectives are usually solicited by the editors. They should provide a brief review with a different viewpoint and emphasize the importance of the current research. The text is limited to 1000 words, with only one figure at most.

Brief communications are for rapid publication of concise presentations of clinical or technical results or preliminary results in biomedical sciences. The text is limited to 1500 words, with an abstract containing not more than 150 words, a maximum of two figures or tables, and fewer than 20 references. Correspondence includes brief comments, relevant communications, and short reports. The text is limited to 500 words, with a maximum of one figure or table and up to 5 references. All submissions other than original and review articles should be limited to a maximum of three authors.

Table and Figure

Table should be prepared in standard format with the manuscript when it first cited. The horizontal line of the table should not be merged. In standard a scientific table should be contained only three lines. The top margin, below column heading and the bottom margin. Other lines can be hidden or our production publication team can format the table. However, the authors should take care merging the lines inside the table. The number of figures and/or tables should not exceed a total of seven. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers. In case you have serious reasons for submitting more than seven figure or table, you can submit as supporting document. In addition, the table longer than one page should be submitted as supporting document. Please avoid numerous figures or tables submissions. The figure resolution should be standard (300 dpi), and submitted by file either .FIFF, .JPEG, .PNG, .or GIF. The file name of the figure should be save in the file name Fig 1.tiff, Fig 1.PNG, Fig 1.JPEG, Fig 1.GIF.

Submission checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for consideration. Please, check the relevant section in this guide for authors for more details.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Line and page numbering

Please, ensure the text of your paper is double-spaced and has consecutive(continuous) LINE numbering. Please, also ensure to add PAGE numbers to the source file. This is an essential peer review requirement.

All submissions should be prepared with the following files:

  • Cover letter
  • Manuscript, including tables and figure legends
  • Figures (guidelines for preparing figures can be found at the Figure and Table
  • Guidelines)

The submissions that do not meet the publication criterion for language standards may be rejected.

 Cover letter

You should supply an approximately one-page cover letter that:

  • Concisely summarizes why your paper is a valuable addition to the scientific literature
  • Briefly relates your study to previously published work
  • Specifies the type of article you are submitting (for example, research article, systematic review, meta-analysis, clinical trial)
  • Describes any prior interactions with HAJHBS regarding the submitted manuscript
  • Suggests appropriate our Academic Editors to handle the manuscript (view a complete listing of our academic editors)
  • Lists any opposed reviewers

Manuscript organization

The journal considers manuscripts of any length. There are no explicit restrictions for the number of words of the supporting information, although we encourage a concise and clear writing style. We will not consider monographs for publication.

All manuscripts should be double-spaced and include line numbers and page numbers.

Manuscripts should begin with the ordered sections:

  • Title
  • List of authors
  • Affiliations
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction/background with subheadings, if necessary
  • Materials and methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Decelerations
  • Consent for publication (if not applicable: Write not applicable)
  • Availability of data and materials: The data used in this study should be submitted with the manuscript to the journal or saved in know online databases. If the data is saved in online known database the link of the database should be provided.
  • Competing interests
  • Funding
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • Supporting information and figure legends

Figures should be cited in ascending numeric order upon first appearance. Each figure caption should then be inserted immediately after the first paragraph in which it is cited in the article file. Figures should not be included in the main manuscript file. Each figure must be prepared and submitted as an individual file. Find more information about preparing figures under Figure and Table guideline. Tables should be cited in ascending numeric order upon first appearance. Each table should then be inserted immediately after the first paragraph in which it is cited in the article file.

The title, authors, and affiliations should all be included on a title page as the first page of the manuscript file.

Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and defined upon first use in the text. Nonstandard abbreviations should not be used unless they appear at least three times in the text.

Standardized nomenclature should be used as appropriate, including appropriate usage of species names and SI units.

Further considerations

  • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
  • All references mentioned in the reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the internet)
  • A competing interest statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
  • Journal policies detailed in this guide should be reviewed
  • Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements

Style and Format

File format: Manuscript files can be in the following formats: DOC, or PDF. Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected.

Manuscripts length:  Manuscript length can be any length. There are no restrictions on word count or amount of supporting information. However, the authors should be concise and shorten the manuscript. If the manuscript length is large, the reviewers or the editors will request the author to shorten.  Thus, the journal encourages the author to present and discuss your findings concisely.

Font:   Use 12 font size and Times New Roman font style. To add symbols to the manuscript, use the Insert → Symbol function in your word processor or paste in the appropriate Unicode character.

Headings:       Limit manuscript sub-sections to 3 heading levels. Make sure heading levels are clearly indicated in the manuscript text.

Layout and spacing:  Manuscript text should be double-spaced, and the four margins should not be less than 1 inch. The author should not format the text in multiple columns.

Page and line numbers:        Include page numbers and line numbers in the manuscript file. Use continuous line numbers (do not restart the numbering on each page).

Footnotes:       Footnotes are not permitted. If your manuscript contains footnotes, move the information into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.

Language:      Manuscripts must be submitted in English with United State spelling method.

You may submit translations of the abstract as supporting information. Local language translated abstract will be published with the manuscript at the last page.

Abbreviations:           Define the abbreviations upon first appearance in the text, then use the abbreviation across the document. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.

Reference style:         HAJHBS uses “Vancouver” style, as outlined in the ICMJE sample references.

Equations: We recommend using Math Type for display and inline equations, as it will provide the most reliable outcome. If this is not possible, Equation Editor or Microsoft's Insert→ Equation function is acceptable.

Avoid using Math Type, Equation Editor, or the Insert→Equation function to insert single variables (e.g., “a² + b² = c²”), Greek or other symbols (e.g., β, Δ, or ′ [prime]), or mathematical operators (e.g., x, ≥, or ±) in running text. Wherever possible, insert single symbols as normal text with the correct Unicode values.

The author should not use Math Type, Equation Editor, or the Insert→Equation function for only a portion of an equation. Rather, ensure that the entire equation is included. Equations should not contain a mix of different equation tools. Avoid “hybrid” inline or display equations, in which part is text and part is Math Type, or part is Math Type and part is Equation Editor.

Guidelines for each section


Manuscripts must be submitted with both a full title and a short title or running title, which will appear at the top of the PDF upon publication if accepted. Only the full title should be included in the manuscript file; the short title will be entered during the online submission process or immediately after the affiliation of the authors for manuscripts submitted through email.

The full title must be 250 characters or 24 words with space or fewer. It should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the subject field. Avoid abbreviations in the title if possible. Where appropriate, authors should include the species or model system used (for biological papers) or type of study design (for clinical papers). The title should not contain study tear

 Authors and affiliations

All author names should be listed in the following order:

  • First names
  • Middle names (or initials, if used), and
  • Last names (surname, family name)

Each author should list an associated department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city and country. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the article. This information cannot be changed after initial submission, so please ensure that it is correct and confirmed by each author.

To qualify for authorship, one should contribute to all of the following:

  • Conception and design of the work, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Final approval of the version to be published
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author must have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Those who contributed to the work but do not qualify for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgments.

When a large group or center has conducted the work, the author list should include the individuals whose contributions meet the criteria defined above, as well as the group name.

All authors must approve the final manuscript before submission. HAJHBS will contact all authors by email at submission to ensure that they are aware of the submission of the manuscript.

One author should be designated as the corresponding author, and his or her email address or other contact information should be included on the manuscript cover page. This information will be published with the article if accepted.


The abstract should be structured as:

  • Background: Clear background with objective. The background should introduce the title and provide clear justification.
  • Materials and methods: Explain how the study was done, and materials including any model organisms used, without detail explanation.
  • Results: Summarize the key findings and their significance, if any
  • Conclusion: Summarize the key findings and provide recommendation that based on the key findings
  • The total word of the Abstract is 300 words only.

Abstracts should not include:

  • Citations
  • Abbreviations, if possible


The introduction should:

  • Provide background that puts the manuscript into context and allows readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study
  • Define the problem addressed and why it is important
  • Include a brief review of the key literature
  • Note any relevant controversies or disagreements in the field
  • Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved

 Materials and Methods

This section should provide enough detail to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate your study. Specific information and/or protocols for new methods should be included in detail. If materials, methods, and protocols are well established, authors may cite articles where those protocols are described in detail, but the submission should include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.

We encourage authors to submit detailed protocols for newer or less well-established methods as Supporting Information. Methods sections of papers on research using human or animal subjects and/or tissue or field sampling must include required ethics statements.

Methods sections of papers with data that should be deposited in a publicly available database should specify where the data have been deposited and provide the relevant agreement numbers and version numbers, if appropriate. Agreement numbers should be provided in parentheses after the entity on first use. If the accession numbers have not yet been obtained at the time of submission, please state that they will be provided during review. They must be provided prior to publication.

Results, discussion, and conclusions

These sections should be presented separately. These sections have no word limit, but the language should be clear and concise. These sections should describe the results of the study, the interpretation of these results, and the conclusions that can be drawn. Authors should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a concise explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research.

HAJHBS editorial decisions do not rely on perceived significance or impact, so authors should avoid overstating their conclusions. See the HAJHBS publication criteria for more information.

 Ethical consideration

Based on Helsinki declaration, clinical trial protocol should be priory registered


People who contributed to the work but do not fit the HAHBS authorship criteria should be listed in the acknowledgments, along with their contributions. You must ensure that anyone named in the acknowledgments agrees to be so named.


Funding sources should not be included in the acknowledgments, or anywhere in the manuscript file. You will provide this information during the manuscript submission process.

Competing interest statements

The author should be declared any type of competing interest or indicate as none of author has competing interests. 


General guidelines

  • Use the reference style as outlined in the international committee of medical journal editors (ICMJE) sample references, also referred to as the “Vancouver” style.
  • References must be listed at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
  • In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets. The brackets should be square bracket “[]” to differentiate from abbreviation and other definitions.

 Figure legends

Figures should not be included in the manuscript file, but figure legends should be. Figure legends should describe the key messages of a figure. Legends should have a short title of 15 words or less. The full legend should have a description of the figure and allow readers to understand the figure without referring to the text. The legend itself should be concise, avoid lengthy descriptions of methods, and define all non-standard symbols and abbreviations.

Figures should be cited in ascending numeric order upon first appearance. Each figure caption should be inserted immediately after the first paragraph in which they are cited in the article file. Further information about figure captions can be found in the figure guidelines.

Supporting information captions

Because Supporting Information is accessed via a hyperlink attached to its captions, captions must be listed in the article file after references. Do not submit a separate caption file. It is acceptable to have them in the file itself in addition, but they must be in the article file for access to be possible in the published version.

The file category name and number are required, and a short title is highly recommended. Figure legend should be included.  For example, Figure # which followed by legend of the figure or title of the figure.

Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential competing interests include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors must disclose any interests in two places: summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file (if double anonymized) or the manuscript file (if single anonymized). If there are no interests to declare then please state this:

Declarations of interest: none. Detailed disclosures as part of a separate declaration of interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches.

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture, or academic thesis, see 'multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright holder to verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service or plagiarism checker (name of plagiarism checker).

Use of inclusive language

Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Content should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader; contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition; and use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, and reference to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal editor. To request such a change, the editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Only in exceptional circumstances will the editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a Journal Publishing Agreement. Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information through open access. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement, it is recommended to state this.


Submission to this journal will be either online or through editorial board email address. The authors use the journal website to submit their manuscript prepared based on the guideline. The authors should create the account in the journal and uploading of the various files.

Peer review

This journal operates a single anonymized review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The editorial board is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles. The editorial board's decision is final. Editors are not involved in decisions about papers which they have written themselves or have been written by family members or colleagues or which relate to products or services in which the editor has an interest. Any such submission is subject to all of the journal's usual procedures, with peer review handled independently of the relevant editor and their research groups.

Double-blind review

This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. Any manuscript that has been formerly published on any preprint platform is not accepted. To facilitate this, please include the following separately: Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding author including an e-mail address, and acknowledgement. Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The editorial board decision is final.

Manuscript submission checklist

  1. Make sure your manuscript is in a scope of the journal
  2. Read journal policies and guidelines
  3. Prepare funding and competing interest statements
  4. Prepare the data you have used for the manuscript you are submitting either in excel or SPSS or SATA
  5. List the authors in confirmed full name including initial (First name Middle name Last name). Abbreviated name not recommended.
  6. Assign the affiliations to each author
  7. Assign corresponding author and provide detail contact (Full name, institution, department, city, country, email address, P.O Box address)
  8. List of email address of all authors
  9. Prepare authors contributions study conception on design; data collection; analysis and
  10. interpretation of results; draft manuscript; review the manuscript and approved the final version of the manuscript for submission
  11. Check as your study follows appropriate reporting guideline of the journal
  12. Access the submission system (for online submission or submit to the email provided)



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